For those who wish to learn the Turkish language and english to turkish translation, it will be useful to learn some useful data about the history of its formation.

Turkish is the official language of Turkey, where it is spoken as a mother tongue by 80% of the population. The largest linguistic minority in Turkey are the Kurds, who have their own language and live mostly in the South-East of Turkey. Turkish is also the official language of Cyprus. However, the largest number of Turkish speakers outside of Turkey reside in the Balkans, Bulgaria, Macedonia and Greece.

A distinction should also be made between Turkish, which is the spoken language of Turkey, and Turkic languages, which belong to the same language family as Turkish. The main places where people speak Turkic languages ​​include Turkey, Iran, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, the Caucasus, and Siberia. In addition, a significant proportion of people who speak Turkic languages ​​live in northwestern China. In their structure, the Turkic languages ​​are similar to each other.

Modern Turkish, which is a standardized version of the dialect spoken in Istanbul. The first Anatolian manuscripts in Turkish dating from the early 13th century tell that the literary traditions of Central Asia were only partially adopted by the Turkish tribes who conquered Turkey from the East in the 11th century. These tribes have been greatly influenced by the Persian and Arabic languages ​​from the very beginning of their establishment in Turkey, in view of the great prestige and development of the culture and language of these neighboring countries.

From the beginning of the Anatolian period, Turkish was written in Arabic script until the introduction of the Latin alphabet in 1928, one of many reforms introduced after the founding of the Turkish Republic to bring Turkey closer to the Western European standard.

In Turkish literature written for scientific purposes, Arabic and Persian components and turkish to english translation became so prevalent that Ottoman Turkish became a mixed language. It has lost many of its characteristic properties for the Turkic languages ​​to such an extent that it has ceased to be used as a means of communication between all social groups. At the same time, however, works of esoteric literature and folk poetry, which were written for the less educated classes, began to enjoy great popularity. They were written in a language that was used by the lower strata of the Turkish population, namely Anatolian Turkish, which was little influenced by Persian and Arabic. These works are similar to those written in the language of the modern Turkish Republic and can be understood without much difficulty.

After Atatürk founded the Turkish Republic, he created the “Turkish Language Society”, the purpose of which was to “cleanse” the language from words borrowed from the Persian and slave language by replacing them with Turkish counterparts. By banning the use of these words in the press, this society has managed to eliminate hundreds of Arabic words from the Turkish language.

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